Serangan jantung 86 % dapat dicegah dengan vegan, tidak merokok, tidak minum alkohol dan berolahraga
Healthful Diet Prevents Heart Attacks
vegetables-heart-health Lifestyle choices, including a healthful diet and exercise, may prevent four out of five heart attacks, according to an article published this week in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. Researchers assessed five modifiable health factors among 20,721 men for 11 years. Those who avoided smoking, had moderate alcohol intake, exercised, had the least amount of belly fat, and consumed the most fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes had an 86 percent lower risk for a heart attack, compared with those who did not meet these criteria. Not smoking and eating healthfully had the most powerful individual effects, reducing heart attack risk by 36 and 18 percent, respectively, compared with people who smoke and eat poorly. Less than 2 percent of Americans follow the American Heart Association’s recommendations for ideal heart health. Researchers estimate that the program utilized in this study could reduce the burden of heart disease by as much as 79 percent.
Akesson A, Larsson SC, Discacciati A, Wolk A. Low-risk diet and lifestyle habits in the primary prevention of myocardial infarction in men: a population-based prospective cohort study. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2014;64:1299-1306.
Jurnal AJCN 2014 : Vegan paling sedikit resiko terkena kanker di bandingkan pemakan daging, vegetarian lakto ovo, dan pemakan ikan
Background: Vegetarian diets might affect the risk of cancer.
Objective: The objective was to describe cancer incidence in vegetarians and nonvegetarians in a large sample in the United Kingdom.
Design: This was a pooled analysis of 2 prospective studies including 61,647 British men and women comprising 32,491 meat eaters, 8612 fish eaters, and 20,544 vegetarians (including 2246 vegans). Cancer incidence was followed through nationwide cancer registries. Cancer risk by vegetarian status was estimated by using multivariate Cox proportional hazards models.
Results: After an average follow-up of 14.9 y, there were 4998 incident cancers: 3275 in meat eaters (10.1%), 520 in fish eaters (6.0%), and 1203 in vegetarians (5.9%). There was significant heterogeneity between dietary groups in risks of the following cancers: stomach cancer [RRs (95% CIs) compared with meat eaters: 0.62 (0.27, 1.43) in fish eaters and 0.37 (0.19, 0.69) in vegetarians; P-heterogeneity = 0.006], colorectal cancer [RRs (95% CIs): 0.66 (0.48, 0.92) in fish eaters and 1.03 (0.84, 1.26) in vegetarians; P-heterogeneity = 0.033], cancers of the lymphatic and hematopoietic tissue [RRs (95% CIs): 0.96 (0.70, 1.32) in fish eaters and 0.64 (0.49, 0.84) in vegetarians; P-heterogeneity = 0.005], multiple myeloma [RRs (95% CIs): 0.77 (0.34, 1.76) in fish eaters and 0.23 (0.09, 0.59) in vegetarians; P-heterogeneity = 0.010], and all sites combined [RRs (95% CIs): 0.88 (0.80, 0.97) in fish eaters and 0.88 (0.82, 0.95) in vegetarians; P-heterogeneity = 0.0007].
Conclusion: In this British population, the risk of some cancers is lower in fish eaters and vegetarians than in meat eaters.