Disease Markers: Cholesterol Levels, Blood Pressure, Body Weight, Homocysteine
Numerous studies have measured cholesterol levels, blood pressure, obesity, and other markers of disease in vegans. Most of these studies included information on lacto-ovo vegetarians (LOV), fish-eaters, and non-vegetarians (NV). This article surveys those published in the 25 years before 2003. Not much was published on vegans before that time.
In summary, the evidence shows:
- Vegans have lower total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and triglycerides, while having about the same HDL cholesterol of LOV and NV.
- Vegans have lower rates of high blood pressure than LOV and NV.
- Vegans have a lower BMI and body fat percentage than LOV and NV. People who have been vegan for more than 5 years have the lowest BMI of all diet groups studied here. Continue reading