Age-Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD): Overview and Risk Factors
Age-related macular degeneration is a degenerative disease of the macula, the central part of the retina. It results in loss of central vision, which is necessary for most daily activities, and can cause legal blindness. This disease is the most common cause of poor vision among elderly persons
There are two forms of macular degeneration: The “dry” form is marked by changes in the macula without bleeding or leakage of fluid. The “wet” form includes leakage and/or bleeding from new blood vessel growth beneath the retina.
Macular degeneration is thought to be due to destruction of the fatty acids in the rods and cones of the eyes. Thus, antioxidant nutrients have long been thought to be protective (see Nutritional Considerations). Continue reading